Which Leader Best Carried Out The Ideals Of The Russian Revolution: Lenin Or Stalin?

Essay by PaperNerd ContributorHigh School, 12th grade October 2001

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The Russian Revolution as a whole was completely built around Marxism and the Marxist theory. This theory instructs that a perfect political system is reached when every single citizen of a nation has the same amount of property as every one of his fellow citizens. This system can be achieved by creating a Dialectic. A Dialectic is when a thesis (in this case the upper class society) is combined with an antithesis (in this case the lower class society) to form a synthesis (an overall middle class society). This would eliminate every kind of class struggle and make everyone an equal member of a country, both socially and politically. In Marxist terms, this equality is known as "freedom for all". Throughout the Russian Revolution, there were many powerful leaders which tried, through force, to install a new political system based upon the Marxist theory, called Communism. Although the leaders were fairly successful in their undertakings, they sometimes forgot about the basic principles that had been set up to make Communism a total success.

In this essay, I will try to distinguish the better communist between the two most famous revolutionary leaders of Russia: Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin.

The Bolshevik party was a small party when it seized power. It had to adopt strong tactics to maintain its power. With Lenin as its leader, the Bolsheviks adjusted their policy to solve the needs of the people in order to stay in power. The Bolsheviks changed their name to Russian Communist Party of the Bolsheviks in March 1918 when the seventh Congress of the Bolshevik Party was held. As soon as Lenin came to power, he passed a series of decrees to satisfy the immediate wants of the Russian people. These included giving land to the peasants, giving control...



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