Indians And The English Colonies

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The treatment of the Indians in the English colonies varied greatly. The treatment depended on where the Indians lived and who the settlers were that settled near them.

When Roger Williams arrived in Massachusetts in 1631, he questioned the colonists' right to take Indian lands without paying for them. Williams felt as though it was unfair and tried to get the colonists to pay. Because William's views angered the Puritan leaders, in 1635 the General Court ordered him back to England. Governor Winthrop warned Williams that if he went back to England, he might be arrested. Williams then fled to the area of the Narragansett Indians. William Penn, who started the colony of Pennsylvania, was also kind to the Indians. Penn believed in dealing fairly with the Delawares. The Delawares were Penn's Indian neighbors. William Penn learned the Delawares language and bought their land for fair prices. Because of Penn's fairness the Pennsylvanians and the Delawares lived in peace for many years.

The success of Pennsylvania and Dealware came from the fairness rule of William Penn between the colonists and the Delawares. If William Penn had chosen to take the Indians land and treated them unfairly, there would be no success in Pennsylvania or Delaware.

As tobacco farms spread along the James River, planters were expanding into the lands of the neighboring Indian tribes. For the protection of their land and families, the Indian warriors attacked the colony in March 1622. The Indians had killed 347 of the settlers. One being John Rolfe, who was the husband to Pocahontas, who later died in England of smallpox. The colonists fought back and broke the power of the Virginia tribes.

Throughout New England, the Puritans spread quickly on what seemed to be unsettled land. They were spreading into the land where...

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