Australia's Change In Tech Over Time

Essay by PaperNerd ContributorHigh School, 10th grade September 2001

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Defences History "“ Before the Australian colonies federated in 1901, each of them had a small force of regular soldiers and militiamen. Each colony also had a small navy consisting of only 2 or 3 very small boats. In 1902, the new federal government united the small armies of the colonies to form the Commonwealth Military Forces. (Now ARES) In 1903, the government began forming the navies of the colonies in to a single navy, later called the Royal Australian Navy. By 1914, the ships of the RAN included the battle cruiser HMAS Australia, six other cruisers, two submarines and several small craft. In 1909, the government introduced compulsory military training. By 1914, it could form its first large army, the Australian Imperial Forces (AIF), to fight beside British troops in WW1. A total of about 59 000 soldiers of this volunteer force died during the war. In 1916, the government sent a group of Australian set up No 1 Squadron of the Australian Flying Corp.

In 1916 to 18, this squadron fought against Turkish forces in Palestine. Three other squadrons of the Australian Flying Corps served in France with the Royal Flying Corps during the war.

After WW1 the government disbanded the AIF. But soon after the war had ended, the government re-established compulsory military training in the Commonwealth Military Forces. The government disbanded the AFC, but replaced it with a temporary force, the Australian Aviation Corps, which the army controlled. In 1921, the government established the RAAF as a separate arm of the services. The government retained the RAN, but reduced its size to eight ships. During the 1930's in the great depression meant that the government could not afford to house a large army and the army fell to as low as 2 000 men. On September...



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